Cryptoforestry: Food pairing / gastronomy with a telescope

food pairing, food, cryptoforestry, open sauces, data, cooking, geography, gastronomy

The number of foodpairs a recipe generates increases exponentially with the number of ingredients. A typical cookbook (and the ones we use here are all modest one) yields anywhere between 700 and 2500 pairs, the number of connections when comparing three books is large and a really meaningful way to visualize a foodpair comparison we have not yet found. Instead we have turned to using the Jaccard Index, a simple formula for comparing similarity in datasets. If two book are absolutely similar (a book compared with itself) the index is 1, if the books are completely dissimilar the index is 0. So how higher the number how greater the similarity.

http://cryptoforest.blogspot.nl/2014/07/food-pairing-gastronomy-with-telescope.html

Weird Shit

werid, weirdness, high weirdness, Erik Davis, Boing Boing, art, literature, margins, fringe, otherwi

Weird is a wayward word: though it describes a set of singular effects that link the cultural fringe with peculiar personal experiences, it remains an elusive and marginal term. The similar notion of the uncanny is, on the other hand, basically an establishment term, a well-established literary effect with a sophisticated psychoanalytic pedigree. Weirdness, we might say then, is the uncanny’s low-brow doppelganger, a demotic country cousin that races hot-rods, wears mis-matched socks, and inhabits the strange borderlands between this world and the beyond.

http://boingboing.net/2014/07/14/weird-shit.html

Climate change signals the end of Australian shiraz as we know it

wine, australia, climate change, tasmania

“We are investing increasingly in Tasmania … because it’s one of the cooler areas in Australia to grow grapes and if we are going to have climate change, you might as well start in a cooler climate,” said Cecil Camilleri, the manager of sustainable wine programs at Yalumba, the 165-year-old winemaking company that has snapped up three Tasmanian properties in the past 15 years. The average temperature in the Tamar Valley in the northeast of the state is around 17 degrees celsius (63 degrees Fahrenheit), peaking at 22 degrees in the summer - well below the Barossa’s typical summer spike into the upper 30s.

http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/07/14/us-climatechange-australia-wine-idUSKBN0FI10K20140714

How IBM’s Watson Will Make Your Meals Tastier

food, data, flavour pairing, hedonic psychophysics, food chemistry, open sauces, IBM, Bon Appetit

This week, Bon Appetit and IBM are releasing the beta version of a new app called Chef Watson with Bon Appetit that will help home chefs think up new and inspiring ways to use ingredients. Think of Watson as an algorithmically inclined sous chef that gently suggests hundreds of flavor combinations that you’d probably never come up with on your own. To do this, Watson crawled a database of 9,000 Bon Appetit recipes looking for insights and patterns about how ingredients pair together, what style of food it is and how each food is prepared in an actual dish. When the computer combines this information with its already robust understanding of food chemistry and hedonic psychophysics (the psychology of what people find pleasant and unpleasant), you get a very smart kitchen assistant.

http://www.wired.com/2014/06/how-ibms-watson-will-make-your-meals-tastier/

Buddhist Economics: How to Stop Prioritizing Goods Over People and Consumption Over Creative Activity

economics, buddhism, Schumacher, Small is Beautiful, consumerism, weath, money, work, liberation

Much has been said about the difference between money and wealth and how we, as individuals, can make more of the latter, but the divergence between the two is arguably even more important the larger scale of nations and the global economy. What does it really mean to create wealth for people — for humanity — as opposed to money for governments and corporations?

http://www.brainpickings.org/index.php/2014/07/07/buddhist-economics-schumacher/

Google / Boston Dynamics announce direction

algopop:

Google / Boston Dynamics announce direction

Google announced plans for their Boston Dynamics robotic acquisition. After their encounter at TED, Sergey Brin personally wanted to improve Edward Snowden’s mobility. The solution has been revealed as a special teleconferencing version of their Big Dog robot that Snowden will be able to control remotely. Snowden has expressed initial delight for the project and it is rumoured that he may soon be roaming the fields of the Googleplex for testing.

spectacular sports visualisations

Sport, vision, photography, DRS, LBW, cricket, Plato, perception, James Bridle

Umpire Decision Review System (DRS), a suite of technologies which assist - or rather, overrule - the umpire adjudicating some of sports greatest unknowables, the LBW, and the snick. Of course, these technologies, intended to increase accuracy, only inflamed controversy as their own accuracy was questioned as much as the human umpires. LBW is, after all, an epistemological problem - the question of whether a ball which strikes the batsman would have struck the wicket were the batsman not there is a question for Plato, not for machines.

http://commentaryproject.org/articles/spectacular-sports-visualisations/

The Shortest Path to Happiness: Recommending Beautiful, Quiet, and Happy Routes in the City

GPS, pathfinding, crowdsourcing, beauty, recomendation, research, mapping, algorithmic psychogeograp

When providing directions to a place, web and mobile mapping services are all able to suggest the shortest route. The goal of this work is to automatically suggest routes that are not only short but also emotionally pleasant. To quantify the extent to which urban locations are pleasant, we use data from a crowd-sourcing platform that shows two street scenes in London (out of hundreds), and a user votes on which one looks more beautiful, quiet, and happy. We consider votes from more than 3.3K individuals and translate them into quantitative measures of location perceptions. We arrange those locations into a graph upon which we learn pleasant routes. Based on a quantitative validation, we find that, compared to the shortest routes, the recommended ones add just a few extra walking minutes and are indeed perceived to be more beautiful, quiet, and happy.

http://arxiv.org/abs/1407.1031

There will be one thing you do today that would have been difficult or impossible twenty years ago, impossible or unimaginable…

“There will be one thing you do today that would have been difficult or impossible twenty years ago, impossible or unimaginable forty years ago, and unimaginable or half-described in a cheap science fiction paperback sixty years ago. Look for it. When you find it, think about it for a minute. When did it arrive? Did you notice when it first surfaced into the world? In twenty years’ time, will it be present, broken, or such an irrelevance that you’ll think about it nostalgically?”

Warren Ellis

What does the Facebook experiment teach us?

danah boyd, facebook, research, ethics, IRB, peer review, psychology, sentiment manipulation, algori

For better or worse, people imagine Facebook is run by a benevolent dictator, that the site is there to enable people to better connect with others. In some senses, this is true. But Facebook is also a company […] it designs its algorithms not just to market to you directly but to convince you to keep coming back over and over again. People have an abstract notion of how that operates, but they don’t really know, or even want to know. They just want the hot dog to taste good. Whether it’s couched as research or operations, people don’t want to think they’re being manipulated. So when they find out what soylent green is made of, they’re outraged. This study isn’t really what’s at stake. What’s at stake is the underlying dynamic of how Facebook runs its business, operates its system, and makes decisions that have nothing to do with how its users want Facebook to operate. It’s not about research. It’s a question of power.

https://medium.com/message/what-does-the-facebook-experiment-teach-us-c858c08e287f

XKeyscore-Quellcode: Tor-Nutzer werden von der NSA als Extremisten markiert und überwacht

NSA, extremism, errorism, Tails, TOR, Prism, XKeyscore, privacy, nothing to hide, Heise

Dem Quelltext zufolge werden in XKeyscore Nutzer automatisch als Extremisten markiert, wenn sie im Internet nach Anonymisierungs-Tools wie Tor oder Tails suchen, dank der globalen Überwachung von Suchanfragen. Gerade diese Werkzeuge sind aber bei vielen Gruppen beliebt, die auf Anonymität angewiesen sind, also etwa auch Anwälte, Menschenrechtsaktivisten und Journalisten in aller Welt. Die werden demnach aber ganz gezielt von der NSA ausspioniert, etwa auch die Inhalte ihrer E-Mails.

http://www.heise.de/newsticker/meldung/XKeyscore-Quellcode-Tor-Nutzer-werden-von-der-NSA-als-Extremisten-markiert-und-ueberwacht–2248328.html

The Military Is Already Using Facebook to Track Your Mood

facebook, sentiment analysis, osint, military, intelligence, open data

“Just over a decade ago, when I was a senior intelligence officer, I spent most of my time in the world of ‘ints’ — signals intelligence imagery, human intelligence — and used just a little bit of open-source information to enrich the assessments that we made. Fast forward to 2014 and the explosion of the information environment in just the last few years alone. Open-source now is a place I spend most of my time. The open world of information provides us most of what we need and the ‘ints’ of old, they enrich the assessments that we’re able to make from open-source information.” Open-source intelligence can take a variety of forms, but among the most voluminous, personal and useful is Facebook and Twitter data. The availability of that sort of information is changing the way that DIA trains intelligence operatives. Long gone are the spooks of old who would fish through trash for clues on targets. Here to stay are the eyes looking through your vacation pictures.

http://www.defenseone.com/technology/2014/07/military-already-using-facebook-track-moods/87793/

Facebook: Unethical, untrustworthy, and now downright harmful

facebook, contagion, experimental psychology, emotional manipulation, advertising, social network, L

Emotional manipulation is such a strangely intimate place to discover you’re the subject of surveiilance-cum-manipulation, that even your unguarded moments of sharing feelings are subject to someone trying to get something out of you. We want to call into account what makes this system of control possible, but if Cornell is any example of what to expect from the fallout, no one is going to be held accountable for companies like Facebook recklessly endangering users – yet again. For those of us observing this spectacle in a sort-of state of self-aware, displaced horror reserved for those moments when life and sci-fi dystopia cross shadows, it has never been more clear that Facebook’s ideas about organizing society are wholly broken.

http://www.zdnet.com/facebook-unethical-untrustworthy-and-now-downright-harmful–7000031106/

Previously, users could only communicate with others on their same platform—but now, with the latest version, Firechat Love, iOS…

Previously, users could only communicate with others on their same platform—but now, with the latest version, Firechat Love, iOS and Android users can chat with each other.

If you’re wondering why this is a big deal, consider the fact that 40,000 Iraqis downloaded the app between June 14 and June 24, using it as a way to circumvent censorship. Or that Firechat became the most popular iOS app in Taiwan this past Spring in the wake of student protests, which sparked fears that on-grid modes of communication might be cut off.

Something about mesh networks on fast co with a stupidly long title.  (viadesignedconflictterritories)

Facebook’s massive-scale emotional contagion experiment

Facebook’s massive-scale emotional contagion experiment

Facebook researchers have published a paper documenting a huge social experiment carried out on 689,003 users without their knowledge. The experiment was to prove that emotional states can be transferred to others via emotional contagion. They proved this by manipulating different user’s newsfeed to be more positive or more negative and then measuring the emotional state of the user afterwards by analysing their subsequent status updates.

we test whether emotional contagion occurs outside of in-person interaction between individuals by reducing the amount of emotional content in the News Feed. When positive expressions were reduced, people produced fewer positive posts and more negative posts; when negative expressions were reduced, the opposite pattern occurred.  

They demonstrate how influential the newsfeed algorithm can be in manipulating a person’s mood, and even test tweaking the algorithm to deliver more emotional content with hope that it would be more engaging. 

The experiments took place for one week (January 11–18, 2012), and the  ’participants’ were randomly selected based on their User ID. In total, over 3 million status updates were analysed. The lead researcher was Adam Kramer, akramer@fb.com 

SimCity is not just about planning, you have to take decisions like how to tax your citizens. In pretty much all the titles of…

“SimCity is not just about planning, you have to take decisions like how to tax your citizens. In pretty much all the titles of the series if your tax rate is around 12% or higher citizens get upset. Typically with a 20% tax, wealthy citizens will simply leave regardless of the services you provide. Some players even managed to run cities with 0 taxes. This is a pretty clear libertarian bias. In many countries people tolerate high taxation if they feel like they get valuable services from the state.”

MultipliCITY | Molleindustria (viaiamdanw)

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