The Andrée Expedition to the North Pole, 1897 The final journal entry of S A Andrée: “…the middle of the night…shadows on the…

xplanes:

The Andrée Expedition to the North Pole, 1897

The final journal entry of S A Andrée:

“…the middle of the night…shadows on the glacier…the flaming outside…not of innocent white doves…carrion birds…bad weather, we fear…to escape…out to sea…crash…grating…driftwood…”
The three stranded explorers spent over two months on the pack ice, arriving on Kvitøya (White Island) in the first week of October. This was to be their final destination. Their makeshift camp was discovered by a Norwegian expedition in 1930, and the remains of all three explorers - along with their journals and photographic film - were recovered.

(Extract via, photo via)

All the World’s Volcano Webcams

climateadaptation:

Pacific

Hawai’i (United States)

Haleakala – info – webcam
Kilauea - info
webcams: Pu’u O’o Crater | Pu’u O’o East Flank | Halema`uma`u Crater from HVO | Halema`uma`u Crater overlook
thermal webcams: Halema`uma`u Crater overlook |  Pu’o O’o Crater | Pu’u O’o East Flank
mobile webcams: two | three | four
Mauna Kea – info – webcam
Mauna Loa – info – Mokuʻāweoweo Caldera webcam | Mokuʻāweoweo Caldera thermal webcam

Mariana Islands (United States)

Anatahan – info – webcam
Pagan – info – webcam

Western/Southern Pacific

Japan – The Japanese Meteorological Agency has a page of 40+ webcams, but the names are all in Japanese. Google Translate does a good job of translating the names of volcanoes in the table on the right-hand side of the page to find your volcano of choice. However, they don’t allow direct links to the webcams, so the Japanese volcano webcams listed below are in addition to those on the JMA website.

Asama – info – webcams: one | two
Aso – info – webcams: crater | one | two | three | four – multiple views | five
Bandai – info – one | two
Chokai – info – webcam
Daisetsu – info – webcam
Fuji – info – webcams: multiple cameras linked | one | two | Shimiza port | Fujinomiya City | Lake Tanuki | Lake Saiko | Lake Kawaguchi | Mt. Mitsutoge | Fujiyoshida City | Oshino | Gotemba
Hiuchi – info – webcam
Iwate – info – webcam
Kirishima – info – webcams: two | three | four | five | six
Myoko – info – (none right now)
Nikko-Shirane – info – webcam
Niseko – info – webcam
Norikura – info – webcam
Ontake – info – webcam
Rausu – info – webcam
Rishiri – info – webcams: one | two
Sakurajima – info – two webcams: one | two | four (selection of webcams – click on map) | five (selection of webcams – see map at bottom)
Unzen – info – webcam
Usu – info – webcam
Yake – info – webcams: (none right now)
Yotei – info – webcams: one

New Zealand

Auckland Volcanic Field – info – webcam
Lake Taupo – info – webcam
Ngauruhoe (Tongariro) – info – webcam
Ruapehu – info – north | south
Ruapehu and Ngauruhoe (Tongariro) – webcam
Taranaki – info – webcams: one | two
Tongariro – info – webcam
White Island – info – webcams: Crater floor | Coast (from Whakatane) | Crater rim | West rim

Kermadec Islands (monitoring administered by GNS New Zealand)

Raoul Island – info – webcam

Philippines

Taal – info – webcam

Northern Pacific

Russia

Avachinsky – info – webcam
Bezymianny - info – webcam
Gorely – info – webcam
Kizimen – info – webcam
Kliuchevskoi – info – webcams: one | two | three
Koryaksky – info – webcam
Koryaksky and Avachinsky – info Avachinsky – webcam
Shiveluch – info – webcams: one | two | three
Tobalchik – info – webcam

Alaska (United States)

AVO has a multitude of webcams – and the ability to watch multiple webcams simultaneously.

Akutan – info – webcam
Augustine – info – webcams: Island | Lagoon | Low light | from Homer
Cleveland – info – webcam
Edgecumbe – info – webcam
Fourpeaked – info – webcam
Iliamna – info – webcams: one | two
Katmai – info – webcam
Makushin – info – webcam
Pavlof – info – webcam (use the Cold Bay webcam – northeast view)
Redoubt – info – webcams: Hut | DFR | CI
Shishaldin – info – webcam
Spurr – info – webcam
Ugashik-Peulik – info – webcam
Veniaminof – info – webcam (use Perryville webcam – northwest view)

Indian Ocean

Indonesia

PVMBG maintains a list of their volcano webcams. They can load very slowly and tend to be down/not updated.

Bromo – info – webcam
Gamalama – info – webcam
Kelut – info – webcam
Lokon – info – webcam
Sinabung – info – webcam

Reunion Island (France)

Piton de la Fournaise – info – webcams: four different views | Piton Partage

Europe

Azores (Portugal)

Pico – info – webcams: one | two | three

Italy

Etna – info – multiple INGV webcams (both visual and thermal) | multiple webcams from Guide Etna | multiple webcams from Radio Studio 7
Stromboli and Vulcano (Aeolian Islands) - Stromboli info / Vulcano info – multiple webcams
Vesuvius – info – multiple webcams | two

France

Puy de Dôme - info – webcam

Greece

Santorini – info – webcams: one | two | three | multiple views

Turkey

Ararat – info – webcam

Canary Islands (Spain)

Hierro – info – webcam
La Palma – info – summit webcam
Tenerife/Teide – info – webcams: one | two

Iceland

Barðarbunga (Holuhraun) – info – one | two | multiple webcams

Eyjafjallajökull – info – webcam
Geysir – info – webcam
Grímsvötn – info – webcam (nearby glacial outlet)
Hekla – info – webcams: one | two
Kverkfjöll – info – webcam
Surtsey (Vestmannaeyjar) – info – webcam

Jan Mayen Island (Norway)

Beerenburg – info – webcam

Caribbean/Central America

Guatemala

Fuego – info – one | two
Santiaguito (Santa Maria) – info – one | two

Costa Rica

Poás – info – webcam
Irazú – info – webcam
Turrialba – info – webcam

Mexico

Colima – info – webcam
Iztaccihuatl & Popocatépetl – Iztaccihuatl info – webcam
Michoacán-Guanajuato Volcanic Field – info – one | two
Pico de Orizaba – info – webcam
Popocatépetl – info – webcam: Altzomoni Tlamacas | Tlamacas | Tianguismanalco | four

Nicaragua

Cerro Negro – info – webcam
Concepción – info – webcam
Masaya – info – crater | two | three
Momotombo – info – webcam
San Cristóbal – info – webcam
Telíca – info – webcam

South America

Colombia

Azufral – info – webcam
Chiles/Cerro Negro – info – webcam
Cumbal – info – webcam
Galeras – info – webcams: one | two | three | four
Huila – info – multiple webcams
Machín – info – webcam
Puracé – info – multiple webcams
Ruiz – info – webcams: one | two | three
Sotará – info – webcam
Tolima – info – webcam

Ecuador

Reventador – info – one | two | three (thermal)
Tungurahua – info – one | two | three

Chile

Antuco – info – webcam
Calbuco – info – webcam
Chaitén – info – webcams: Camping | Aeródromo
Copahue – info – webcam
Hudson – info – webcam
Lascar – info – webcams
Llaima – info – webcams
Mocho Choshuenco – info – webcam
Planchon Peteroa – info – webcam
Osorno - info – webcam
San Jose – info – webcam
San Pedro/San Pablo – info – webcam
Villarrica – info – webcams | two

North America

United States

Yellowstone – info | YVO – webcams: Old Faithful | Old Faithful (realtime video) | Mammoth Hot Springs Terrace | Mammoth Hot Springs | Mt. Washburn | Biscuit Basin

Cascade Range, California and Arizona / CVO & CalVO

Adams – info – one | two | from Rainier Camp Muir
Bachelor – info – webcam
Baker – info – webcam
Crater Lake – info – one | two
Glacier Peak – info – webcam
Hood – info – webcams: Mt. Hood Meadows (multiple) | Timberline Lodge
Lassen Peak – info – webcam | visitor center
Mammoth Mountain – info – multiple webcams
Medicine Lake – info – webcam
Mono Lake area – Mono info | Inyo info | Mono Lake info – multiple webcams (requires registration)
Rainier – info – one | two | Carbon River | UW Campus | Space Needle
Saint Helens – info – webcams: high resolution (two)
San Francisco Volcanic Field – info – webcam
Shasta – info – webcam | Shasta and Medicine Lake | Shasta Ski
Three Sisters – info – one | two

Antarctica

Erebus – info | monitoring – webcams: multiple (including thermal camera for crater)

Another recreation of a workshop! This time it’s the Collective BGL, who are representing Canada. This enigmatic living/working…

Another recreation of a workshop! This time it’s the Collective BGL, who are representing Canada. This enigmatic living/working environment leads to an outside balcony. On the ground floor is a shop in which every label is out of focus. I tried to photograph it but iPhone automatically corrects the image and makes it sharp. #friezevenice by frieze_magazine (via https://instagram.com/p/2a8y-_ygEZ/)

The Facebook news feed curation algorithm, “based on many factors,” removes hard news from diverse sources that you are less…

“The Facebook news feed curation algorithm, “based on many factors,” removes hard news from diverse sources that you are less likely to agree with but it does not remove the hard news that you are likely to agree with. They call news from a source you are less likely to agree with “cross-cutting.” The study then found that the algorithm filters out 1 in 20 cross-cutting hard news stories that a self-identified conservative sees (or 5%) and 1 in 13 cross-cutting hard news stories that a self-identified liberal sees (8%).”

The Facebook “It’s Not Our Fault” Study,an article  by Christian Sandvig in response to Facebook Research’scontroversial study on political affiliations on Facebook and how the newsfeed algorithm responds to these affiliations, algorithmically augmenting political polarisation. 
(viaalgopop)

A Reaper bobs in the Indian Ocean off the coast of the Seychelles. It crashed shortly after takeoff. (Defense Department) In the…

onevisiblefuture:

A Reaper bobs in the Indian Ocean off the coast of the Seychelles. It crashed shortly after takeoff. (Defense Department)
In the Seychelles, an Indian Ocean archipelago, the Air Force had to stop flying drones in April 2012 after a Reaper pilot forgot to ask civilian air-traffic controllers for permission to take off. The drone crashed a few minutes later.

The dangers of letting algorithms enforce policy.

policy, responsibility, liability, descion making, algorithms, algorithmics, state, legal, locus, Sl

Policy algorithms can cause real damage that is difficult to remedy under existing legal protections, especially when algorithms terminate basic services. If community members are unfairly stigmatized by police surveillance or incorrectly denied care for acute medical conditions, it is nearly impossible to make them whole after the fact. So how do we preserve fairness, due process, and equity in automated decision-making?

http://www.slate.com/articles/technology/future_tense/2015/04/the_dangers_of_letting_algorithms_enforce_policy.single.html

The way gevulot works is by generating a tree of public and private key pairs: a new pair is generated whenever the user has a…

quantum thief, fiction, provacy, Hannu Rajaniemi

The way gevulot works is by generating a tree of public and private key pairs: a new pair is generated whenever the user has a new memory, domain or experience they want to specify gevulot rights for. They are also encrypted with the pair above them in the hierarchy. The point is that only the individual is supposed to have access to the root.

‘Except that—’

Hannu Rajaniemi in The Quantum Thief